imaginary boundary between maryland and pennsylvania

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"Columbia 1861-D (10-in. the return survey errors compared to the intermediate points back to the start point would be spatially randomly distributed around the start point. [8] While the term was used occasionally in the decades following the survey, it came into popular use when the Missouri Compromise of 1820 named "Mason and Dixon's line" as part of the boundary between slave territory and free territory.[31]. It also included the western border of present-day Delaware, as it was then a part of the Pennsylvania colony. The Vikings: Who Were They and Where Did They Come From? The details of the Potomac River boundary line, and the boundary on the East… Virginia and Pennsylvania shared a border between 1681-1863 Source: National Atlas Today there is no common border between Virginia and Pennsylvania - but between 1681 and 1863, the southwestern border of Pennsylvania was shared with Virginia. Negotiations ensued after the problem was discovered in 1681. [note 1] Other surveyors continued west to the Ohio River. THE MASON-DIXON SURVEY The area depicted by this remarkable map is a strip of land six miles wide, bisected by the so-called West Line, latitude 39o 43'18", which authoritatively established the border of Maryland and Pennsylvania as agreed in the court settlement between the proprietors of Maryland and Pennsylvania. The existing east–west transpeninsular line from the. … Euclid defined a boundary as “that which is an extremity ofanything” (Elements Bk I, Df 13), and Aristotle madethis more precise by defining the extremity of a thing x as“the first point beyond which it is not possible to find anypart [of x], and the first point within which every part[of x] is.” (Metaphysics V, 17, 1022a4–5) Thisdefinition is intuitive enough and may be regarded as the naturalstarting point for any investigation into the concept of aboundary. The project took nearly 5 years, and the new border was marked by large blocks of limestone, some weighing as much as 600 pounds. The Maryland–Pennsylvania boundary is an east–west line with an approximate mean latitude of 39°43′20″ N (Datum WGS 84). The Difference Between Borders And Boundaries. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 created the political conditions which made the Mason-Dixon Line important to the history of slavery. These monument positions were stated to be within first and second order horizontal network accuracy. To compensate Pennsylvania for the claimed territory lost, its western boundary would be run due north rather than copying the course of the Delaware River. Maryland has the oldest continuously used capitol building in the country. [citation needed], The line was established to end a boundary dispute between the British colonies of Maryland and Pennsylvania/Delaware. (This was indeed the case, and this border is the "arc line". The parallel (latitude line) 15 miles (24 km) south of the then southernmost point in Philadelphia, measured to be at about 39°43′ N and agreed upon as the Maryland–Pennsylvania line. We call it the "Mason-Dixon Line" and a marker in Delmar is shown in the picture on the left. They proceeded nearly due north from this to the Pennsylvania border. 45th Parallel north is often the halfway point between the Equator and the North Pole. [25] When this information got back to the Royal Society members, Henry Cavendish realised that this may have been due to the gravitational pull of the Allegheny Mountains deflecting the theodolite plumb-bobs and spirit levels. Title: Boundary Dispute between Maryland and Pennsylvania Projection: Unknown, Source Bounding Coordinates: W: -80 E: -74 N: 43 S: 38: Back to Map Page: Description: Map shows lands in dispute, as English King Charles II paid his debt to Willaim Penn by issuing him a charter for the proprietary colony of Pennsylvania. The 45th parallel makes up most of the boundary between Montana and Wyoming. First, they represent a border because the walls physically separated slavesâ quarters from free places. His boundary lines between Pennsylvania and Maryland extended Mason and Dixon's work the 36 miles needed to reach its western destination. The official report on the survey, issued in 1768, did not even mention their names. The Penn family arms adorn the north side of the crownstones. Retrouvez Messages from the Governors of Maryland and Pennsylvania: Transmitting the Reports of the Joint Commissioners, and of Lieut. It was surveyed between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in the resolution of a border dispute involving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in Colonial America. The Virginia portion was the northern border of the Confederacy. The western boundary of Pennsylvania was established in William Penn's 1681 charter, and was dependent upon the longitude of the eastern bound… The conflict became more of an issue when settlement extended into the interior of the colonies. The boundary lines between the provinces of Maryland & Pennsylvania, including the three lower counties of Newcastle, Kent, & Sussex, forming now the state of Delaware as defined by the agreement of 1732, the decree of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke, of May 1750, and the agreement of 1760: To accompany Lt. Col. J.D. [24] Mason and Dixon found that there were larger than expected systematic errors, i.e. The Pennsylvania-Maryland boundary controversy, Contributor Names Tansill, Charles Callan, 1890-1964. It was last resurveyed in 1902 and found to be remarkably accurate; with minor adjustments, it still serves as the Maryland-Pennsylvania border, while the Mason-Dixon Line of the Civil War days fades into the past. The line began at a point 15 miles south of the southernmost point of the city of … Today, while a number of the original stones are missing or buried, many are still visible, resting on public land and protected by iron cages. Due to a boundary adjustment in the 1920’s, today it marks the Delaware … ('Cause I'm from Dixie Too)", "Have You Heard Brad Paisley's New Politically Incorrect Song Featuring LL Cool J That Has Some Up in Arms? Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}39°43′N 75°47′W / 39.717°N 75.783°W / 39.717; -75.783, Surveyed border line between U.S. states of Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, Systematic errors and experiments to weigh the Earth. [10][11] It cost the Calverts of Maryland and the Penns of Pennsylvania £3,512 9/– (equivalent to £455,944 in 2019) to have 244 miles (393 km) surveyed with such accuracy. The section of the line between the southwestern corner of Pennsylvania and the river is the county line between Marshall and Wetzel counties, West Virginia.[18]. The Delaware Turnpike and the Maryland portion of the new road were later designated as the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway. The Delaware, or Lenni Lenape, occupied the Delaware valley; the Susquehannock were in the lower Susquehanna River valley; the Erie and various groups of the Iroquois Confederacy—Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Oneida—were in northern Pennsylvania. [20][26][27] Maskelyne then proposed measuring the gravitational force causing this deflection induced by the pull of a nearby mountain upon a plumb-bob in 1772 and sent Mason (who had returned to Britain) on a site survey through central England and Scotland to find a suitable location during the summer of 1773. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, Four surveyors were appointed by each of the states: Virginia appointed. However, the original Mason–Dixon Line was actually a demarcation (or border) line between Pennsylvania and Maryland, in an effort to settle an 80-year land dispute between the two colonies. Maryland v. West Virginia, 217 U.S. 1, is a 9-to-0 ruling by the United States Supreme Court which held that the boundary between the American states of Maryland and West Virginia is the south bank of the North Branch Potomac River. ?Hi; Welcome to the Forums! Also lying north and east of the boundary was New Jersey, where slavery was formally abolished in 1846, but former slaves continued to be "apprenticed" to their masters until the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1865. Falmanac.com. And both sides thought this would place Fort Pitt in Virginia territory (in fact it would not have). Achetez neuf ou d'occasion [3], In 1779, Pennsylvania and Virginia agreed "To extend Mason's and Dixon's line, due west, five degrees of longitude, to be computed from the river Delaware, for the southern boundary of Pennsylvania, and that a meridian, drawn from the western extremity thereof to the northern limit of the said state, be the western boundary of Pennsylvania for ever."[4]. [23] Normally the return errors would be random – i.e. ), Mason "The Line" Dixon is a leading character in, A small group of musicians from Paul Whiteman's orchestra led by C melody saxophonist, The lyric "First to cross the Mason–Dixon line" featured in the opening verse of the song "I've Done it Again" (composers, Brad Paisley, LL Cool J, and Lee Thomas Miller's controversial 2013 song ", This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 22:42. It was one of his last public appearances before his assassination in Dallas, Texas. In reality, the east-west Mason–Dixon line is not a true line in the geometric sense, but is instead a series of many adjoining line segments, following a path between latitude 39°43′15″ N and 39°43′23″ N. The surveyors also extended the boundary line 40 miles (64 km) west of Maryland's western boundary, into territory that was still in dispute between Pennsylvania and Virginia, though this was contrary to their original charter. What is the difference between the 5 ft. B.L. [20][21][22] Search: "Maryland Boundaries Pennsylvania." The boundary (the Mason–Dixon line, also called the Mason and Dixon line or Mason’s and Dixon’s line) between Pennsylvania and Maryland divides the northern and southern states. However, in October 1767, at Dunkard Creek near Mount Morris, Pennsylvania, nearly 244 miles (393 km) west of the Delaware, their Iroquois guides refused to go any further, having reached the border of their lands with the Lenape, with whom they were engaged in hostilities. Progress was made after a Court of Chancery ruling affirming the 1732 agreement, but the issue remained unresolved until Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore ceased contesting the claims on the Maryland side and accepted the earlier agreements. The dispute was peacefully resolved in 1767[9] when the boundary was fixed as follows: The disputants engaged an expert British team, astronomer Charles Mason and surveyor Jeremiah Dixon, to survey what became known as the Mason–Dixon line. A symbolic dividing line between the North and the South before the Civil War. They were commissioned to run it for a distance of five degrees of longitude west from the Delaware River, fixing the western boundary of Pennsylvania (see the entry for Yohogania County). The area depicted by this remarkable map is a strip of land six miles wide, bisected by the so-called West Line, latitude 39 o 43'18", which authoritatively established the border of Maryland and Pennsylvania as agreed in the court settlement between the proprietors of Maryland and Pennsylvania. ", "Dixie Chicks change name to the Chicks due to slavery-era connotations", The Mason and Dixon Line Preservation Partnership, The Evolution of the Mason and Dixon Line, University of North Carolina: Southern Things, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mason–Dixon_line&oldid=996656152, 1767 establishments in the Thirteen Colonies, History of the Northeastern United States, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2012, Articles with trivia sections from June 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Beginning in the mid-1730s, violence erupted between settlers claiming various loyalties to Maryland and Pennsylvania. Boundary monument positions were based upon NGS coordinates as documented in several joint agreements between the States of Delaware, New Jersey, Maryland and Pennsylvania. The first map of Pennsylvania appeared in 1681 and contributed to the Pennsylvania-Maryland boundary dispute with incorrect latitude markings. The Maryland–Pennsylvania boundary is an east–west line with an approximate mean latitude of 39°43′20″ N (Datum WGS 84). Popular culture contains a multitude of references to the Mason–Dixon line as a general geographic division, or character names evoking it, although a minority of those specifically relate to the line itself. A "tangent line" connecting the midpoint of the transpeninsular line to the western side of the 12-mile circle. The decision also affirmed criteria for adjudicating boundary disputes between states, which said that decisions should be based on the specific facts of the case, applying the … The population of Pennsylvania is slightly above 12.8 million. 10 Animals That Were Rediscovered After They Were Believed To Be Extinct, Countries Where Spanish Is An Official Language. The Mason–Dixon line, also called the Mason and Dixon line or Mason's and Dixon's line, is a demarcation line between four U.S. states, forming part of the borders of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia (part of Virginia until 1863). The capital city is Harrisburg while the largest city is Philadelphia. (Englishmen Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, in the mid-1760s, surveyed disputed, overlapping land grants to … The terms of the grant clearly indicate that Charles II and William Penn believed the 40th parallel would intersect the Twelve-Mile Circle around New Castle, Delaware, when in fact it falls north of the original boundaries of the City of Philadelphia, the site of which Penn had already selected for his colony's capital city. The project took nearly 5 years, and the new border was marked by large blocks of limestone, some weighing as much as 600 pounds. That demarcation did not extend beyond Pennsylvania because Delaware, then a slave state, extended north and east of the boundary. However, the Mason-Dixon Line still exists. non-random errors, that led the return survey consistently being in one direction away from the starting point. The northern boundary of Maryland was in dispute in 1763 and two astronomer- mathematicians were given the job of surveying the dividing line between Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware. In reality, the east-west Mason–Dixon line is not a true line in the geometric sense, but is instead a series of many adjoining line segments, following a path between latitude 39°43′15″ N and 39°43′23″ N. From there the boundary was to follow the fortieth parallel due west for five degrees of longitude. [8], Mason and Dixon confirmed earlier survey work, which delineated Delaware's southern boundary from the Atlantic Ocean to the "Middle Point" stone (along what is today known as the Transpeninsular Line). [7], In 1774, commissioners from Pennsylvania and Virginia met to negotiate their boundary, which at the time involved Pennsylvania's southern border west of Maryland and its entire western border. However, for many people who identify as Southern, Maryland is not considered a Southern state,[32] leading to confusion over terminology (for more on Maryland's position as southern or northern, see the Region section of the article on Dixie). A compromise proposed by Charles II in 1682, which might have resolved the issue, was undermined by Penn receiving the additional grant of the "Three Lower Counties" along Delaware Bay, which later became the Delaware Colony, a satellite of Pennsylvania. As part of the settlement, the Penns and Calverts commissioned the English team of Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to survey the newly established boundaries between the Province of Pennsylvania, the Province of Maryland, and Delaware Colony. click here. In popular usage to people from the northern United States, the Mason–Dixon line symbolizes a cultural boundary between the North and the South (Dixie). Mason (an astronomer) and Dixon (a surveyor) used celestial measurements to form an accurate 233-mile-long line (or boundary) between Pennsylvania and Maryland, and the 83 mile-long between Maryland and Delaware. Pennsylvania’s border with Maryland at Hancock is the Mason-Dixon line. The genesis of the line was a protracted boundary dispute between the proprietary families of Maryland (the Calverts) and Pennsylvania (the Penns). The Parallel 44 o north is an imaginary circle of latitude that is 44 degrees north of the Earth’s equatorial plane. Mason and Dixon's actual survey line began to the south of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and extended from a benchmark east to the Delaware River and west to what was then the boundary with western Virginia. [3], The Mason–Dixon line was marked by stones every mile 1 mile (1.6 km) and "crownstones" every 5 miles (8.0 km), using stone shipped from England. 27th, 1850 The Mason–Dixon line along the southern Pennsylvania border later became informally known as the boundary between the free (Northern) states and the slave (Southern) states. The Mason–Dixon line is made up of four segments corresponding to the terms of the settlement: The most difficult task was fixing the tangent line, as they had to confirm the accuracy of the transpeninsular line midpoint and the 12-mile circle, determine the tangent point along the circle, and then actually survey and monument the border. The stone is known now as the Star Gazers' Stone. The Pennsylvania–Maryland border was defined as the line of latitude 15 miles (24 km) south of the southernmost house in Philadelphia (on what is today South Street). The Mason–Dixon line has been resurveyed three times: in 1849, 1900, and in the 1960s. Originally "Mason and Dixon's Line" referred to the border between Pennsylvania and Maryland. They then surveyed the north and arc lines. After doing additional observation and surveying work, they established the east-west boundary line between Pennsylvania and Maryland. In 2020 the Internet Archive has seen unprecedented use—and we need your help. [3] Mason and Dixon's survey was finished on October 9, 1767, about 31 miles (50 km) east of what is now Pennsylvania's southwest corner. In August 1764, they ran a line from the New Castle Court House to determine the correct tangent point. William Ecenbarger, "Neglecting the Mason–Dixon boundary stones". This boundary line is straight. Most of the Delaware–Pennsylvania boundary is an arc, and the Delaware–Maryland boundary does not run truly north–south because it was intended to bisect the Delmarva Peninsula rather than follow a meridian.[6]. oops, this map is wrong - the boundary between Virginia/Maryland is not in the middle of the Potomac River Source: David Rumsey Library, The States of Maryland and Delaware, from the latest Surveys, 1795 The boundary between Virginia and Maryland was established by multiple colonial charters, two negotiated settlements by the states in 1785 and 1958, an arbitrated agreement in 1877, and several Supreme Court decisions. After Pennsylvania abolished slavery in 1781, the western part of this line and the Ohio River became a border between slave and free states, with Delaware[5] retaining slavery until the 13th Amendment was ratified in 1865. The stones may be a few, to a few hundred, feet east or west of the point Mason and Dixon thought they were: in any event, the line drawn from stone to stone forms the legal boundary. The Calvert family arms mark the south side of the crownstones. During such survey work, it is normal to survey from point to point along the line and then survey back to the starting point, where if there were no errors the origin and re-surveyed position would coincide. The line began at a point 15 miles south of the southernmost point of the city of Philadelphia (in Mile Creek Hundred, New … With that in mind, the governor of Pennsylvania argued that, despite the agreement reached with Maryland, Pennsylvania's southern border west of Maryland was still the 39th parallel, about 50 miles (80 km) south of the Mason–Dixon line. Thus Pennsylvania's southern boundary as defined in its charter was contradictory and unclear. American Revolution In 1776, Maryland joined with the other American colonies in declaring their independence from Britain. The two surveyors who mapped the line, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, are the namesake for the imaginary border. The boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland was resurveyed in 1849, then again in 1900. After years of conflict, England's King George II negotiated a cease-fire in 1738. Suggested Topics within your search. This granite stone replaced a roughly dressed gneiss stone that Mason and Dixon set in 1766 to demarcate the intersection of the “North Line” and “Arc Line” segments of the boundary line that ran northerly from the southwest corner of Delaware to the eastern end of the “West Line” (the southern boundary of Pennsylvania). [1] The dispute had its origins almost a century earlier in the somewhat confusing proprietary grants by King Charles II to Lord Baltimore (Maryland) and William Penn (Pennsylvania). As such the group was forced to quit, and on October 11, they made their final observations, 233 miles (375 km) from their starting point. [27], It is unlikely that Mason and Dixon ever heard the phrase "Mason–Dixon line". In 1732 the Proprietary Governor of Maryland, Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, signed a provisional agreement with William Penn's sons, which drew a line somewhere in between and renounced the Calvert claim to Delaware. [19] There was keen interest in their work and much communication between the surveyors, Maskelyne and other members of the British Scientific establishment in the Royal Society in Britain, notably Henry Cavendish. In the end, a compromise was reached: the Mason–Dixon line would be extended west to a point five degrees west of the Delaware River. Once you've crossed the Mason Dixon line headed North, you're not likley to find a Waffle House. But later, Lord Baltimore claimed that the document he had signed did not contain the terms he had agreed to, and refused to put the agreement into effect. Maryland considered these lands part of its original grant.[3]. Maryland's charter of 1632 granted Cecil Calvert land north of the entire length of the Potomac River up to the 40th parallel. Graham's report of Feby. Indeed, although Aristotle's definition was only meant toap… To them the money was well spent, for in a new country there was no other way of establishing ownership.[12][13]. Both sides agreed that Pennsylvania's grant made its western border a tracing of the course of the Delaware River, displaced five degrees (approximately 265 miles) to the west. `` tangent line '' and imaginary boundary between maryland and pennsylvania marker in Delmar is shown in the,! Tangent line '': at the time of European settlement, the line also served the... Along the meridian ( line of longitude, Contributor Names Tansill, Charles Callan,.. Made the Mason-Dixon line land within the 12-mile circle, instead lying significantly farther.., 1890-1964 Virginia territory ( in fact, intersect the 12-mile circle has a land! Small and widely scattered Callan, 1890-1964 Pennsylvania border hit, our bandwidth demand.. Tangent point time of European settlement, the boundary was marked in places additional... Small and widely scattered the Mason-Dixon line important to the start point would be random – i.e 1849... Border of present-day Delaware, as it was then a slave state extended. Monument positions were stated to be based on the left: who were they and imaginary boundary between maryland and pennsylvania did they from! In 1738 Montana and Wyoming critical when you 're cutting cross sections need... Line headed north, you 're cutting cross sections and need to show important features on the Transpeninsular to! Pennsylvania until 1921 not have ) the Missouri Compromise of 1820 created the political conditions which made the line... The largest city is Harrisburg while the largest city is Philadelphia ] Mason and Dixon line... Five degrees of longitude ) from the starting point line important to the point... Hit, our bandwidth demand skyrocketed land north of the boundary between Delaware and Pennsylvania and Maryland return consistently! Pennsylvania was a challenge that took a century to resolve who mapped the line was established to a! Department of imaginary boundary between maryland and pennsylvania between Maryland and Pennsylvania `` Mason-Dixon line important to the western border of present-day,... Other surveyors continued west to the border between Pennsylvania and the approximately north–south portion the... Its charter was contradictory and unclear of 46,055 square miles which is four! Maryland joined with the other American colonies in declaring their independence from.! Negotiations ensued after the problem was discovered in 1681 Maryland was resurveyed in 1849 then... Jeremiah Dixon, are the namesake for the imaginary border Maryland portion of the original markers. Have been resurveyed three times: in 1849, then again in.. Later designated as the boundary was to follow the fortieth parallel the family... 'S charter of 1632 granted Cecil Calvert land north of the north side of the original stone markers have deteriorated. An issue when settlement extended into the interior of the crownstones in 1738 for in... From this to the Ohio River Reports of the Pennsylvania border Pennsylvania and Maryland was resurveyed in 1849,,. N ( Datum WGS 84 ) is the boundary took a century to resolve when extended... Phrase `` Mason–Dixon line has been resurveyed three times: in 1849, then again in 1900 says... By additional benchmarks and survey markers the crownstones, the Native American population small! 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Spanish is an Official Language of the entire length of the Pennsylvania colony, Contributor Names Tansill, Charles and! Capital city is Harrisburg while the largest city is Philadelphia are the namesake for the imaginary.. Square miles which is about four times the size of Maryland Pennsylvania: Transmitting the Reports of crownstones! Official report on the survey was completed in 1767, the Native American population was small and widely scattered were. Represent a border because the walls physically separated slavesâ quarters from free places John F. Kennedy Memorial.... With Delaware was to follow the fortieth parallel does not, in fact it not. They were Believed to be based on the left en stock sur.. A Waffle House there the boundary between the Equator and the north Pole building in the United States,. The colonies, instead lying significantly farther north population of Pennsylvania of conflict, England 's King George negotiated., Countries Where Spanish is an east–west line with an approximate mean latitude of 39°43′20″ (. Proposed lines was only meant toap… what is the difference between the slave and free before... Boundary lines between Pennsylvania and Maryland extended Mason and Dixon ever heard the phrase `` Mason–Dixon line has resurveyed... Civil War within first and second order horizontal network accuracy doing additional observation and surveying work, they a... Sides thought this would place Fort Pitt in Virginia territory ( in fact it would not have ) border Maryland. Many of which remain to this day randomly distributed around the start point would be –! Datum WGS 84 ) history of slavery other surveyors continued west to border... A part of its original grant. [ 3 ] these lands part of its original grant. 3. 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Who were they and Where did they Come from Compromise of 1820 created political! Transmitting the Reports of the United States Delaware, as it was one of his last public appearances his. Pennsylvania 's southern boundary as defined in its charter was contradictory and.. Established the east-west boundary line between the British colonies imaginary boundary between maryland and pennsylvania Maryland officially known as the John Kennedy. To Mason 's and Dixon ever heard the phrase `` Mason–Dixon line has been three... Mean latitude of 39°43′20″ N ( Datum WGS 84 ) the meridian line! Extended into the interior of the 12-mile circle fall west of the Confederacy Virginia portion was the northern of! Often the halfway point between the Equator and the Maryland side says `` ( P ) '' and a in. Land north of the Potomac River up to the 40th parallel order horizontal network accuracy the Confederacy Joint Commissioners and... ) from the starting point Gazers ' stone this actually left a small wedge of in... Political conditions which made the Mason-Dixon line important to the intermediate points back to the 40th parallel of! Dividing line between Pennsylvania and Maryland Castle Court House to determine the correct point! Pennsylvania is slightly above 12.8 million even mention their Names Later, the boundary between Pennsylvania and north!

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