psychological causes of juvenile delinquency

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It is the scientific study of law breaking and serious attempts to uncover the causes of criminality.  =  One of the basic reasons behind this is the child’s disrupted dependence relation with his/her parents. Psychological Trauma And Juvenile Delinquency. If you have any question you are more than welcome. Therefore, parents here carry a special duty to guide their child appropriately about such depictions. Social problems cause stress and due to stress teens get involved in voilence. Kohlberg in his research said that persons who commit wrongful activities fall under stage 1 and 2 and who don’t commit fall under stage 3 and 4. Final stage- Called Formal operational stage- age-duration 12 and up. It can be understood as when a person observes that a certain act is reinforced by positive results for example if a child applauded by his/her parents on hitting another child he would observe this and will continue with this behaviour as the result of the act was positive for him. This theory in recent years has gained recognition from many psychologists. Silver, E. (2002). Youth belonging from poor economical status easily get involved in criminal activities. criminal justice and behaviour, 34, 641-660. Juvenile delinquency includes crimes of all types like violence, bullying, substance abuse, theft and sexual abuse (www.rand.org, 2012). ( Log Out /  There can be various problems like gender discrimination, age discrimination, racial discrimination, child labor or voilation of animal rights. Under such provisions, different-2 treatments (lesser punishment to a juvenile in comparison to an adult) are instructed to the states which should necessarily be followed by the states while treating a juvenile. Belmont, CA: Cengage learning. ... (1955). It can be proved one of the biggest means in the process of preventing juvenile delinquency. Parents and elder siblings have the responsibility to mold the personality of the children. Berkeley: University of California Press. This program has already been introduced in the USA and the results of it are also quite encouraging. Adolescents needs to know the right and wrong at their damnnnnn age!!!!!!!!! Sreeja, Delhi Gang-Rape: Minor Was Allegedly The Most Brutal Among Accused; Will India Amend Juvenile Justice Act?, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TIMES ( March 1, 2013), https://www.ibtimes.com/delhi-gang-rape-minor-was-allegedly-mostbrutal-among-accused-will-india-amend-juvenile-justice-act; Correspondent, Most brutal rapist of Nirbhaya let loose, THE PIONEER ( December 21, 2015), https://www.dailypioneer.com/2015/page1/most-brutal-rapist-of-nirbhaya-let-loose.html; Correspondent, Delhi gangrape: Minor accused’s family, villagers, to boycott him, NEWS18 (July 11, 2013), https://www.news18.com/news/india/delhi-gangrape-minor-accuseds-family-villagers-to-boycott-him-622852.html. Children learn basic concepts about good and bad from their family, they make their values and set the norms of society. Albert Bandura, f. m. (1965). Many people have their particular ideas about factors that might cause delinquency, and researchers have also unearthed many possibilities. Juvenile Delinquency Theories There are many thoughts as to why juveniles become delinquent. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. (Freud, 1963)  He explained this abnormal personality as a result of some unconscious feeling that a person has developed in his early stages of life (up to 5 years as according to him the development of a person completes up to this age). Murray, R. &. What is the deliquemcy of youth and am ipressed with this information, good observation . ( Log Out /  Specific social institutions and forces that explain juvenile delinquency are identified. Therefore, more sensitive and proper care needs to be carried and this paper is a small contribution from the author in this benign direction. }, http://pixabay.com/get/023f4844b33707c615a7/1363001915/crime-64067.jpg. I’m curious if he has some of the social concerns that you talked about including violence, so we’ll have to see if the juvenile remedial course is something that can help us get him straightened back out. [ii] However, soon it was found that one of the offenders involved in this heinous act was a minor. Parents are some time very harsh and they punish their children for small issues. Please Answer * (1994). ( Log Out /  Therefore, case processing related to him was scheduled to be held as per the provisions of the Act including the provision of maximum punishment of three years for him. [iii] Subramanian Swamy v. Raju through Member Juvenile Justice Board, (2014) AIR SC 1649. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency: ... or unequal treatment between children may become reasons behind juvenile delinquency. (Hirschi, 1977) Explaining this, children who score low in their school grade face embarrassment from persons around to him and sometimes physical punishment from their parents as well as from teachers. Some parents do not take care of their elders, and it is a known fact that such children who see their parents disrespecting their elders, their children never respect their parents and elder siblings. delinquency -and crime are not independent, but closely interrelated. The causes of delinquency from several points of view have been critically examined and the psychological causes are mentioned. (1977). AOA, That’s great knowledge and very helpful to me in CSS exam thanks. The third stage- Called Concrete operational stage- age-duration 7 to 11 years. (J. Strachey, Trans.) Very informative. Now, the obvious question here arises whether all these legal approaches are beneficial for juveniles to restrict them from committing any wrongful act? adolescent aggression. Several studies have found a consistent relationship between involvement in a delinquent peer group and delinquent behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: prentice hall. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency: Classical Approach. At this stage, the child finds him very restrictive and less independent and in a pursuit to get independency child often finds criminality as an instrument and as a chance to use his/her skill that gives him the feeling of excitement which he was feeling missing due to domination of SuperEgo which in turn was resulted due to the strict parenting. It says that the behaviour of a person depends on how he perceives things and mentally understands them all this process called ‘mental processes’. Furthermore, these stated activities are also considered as ‘recreational activities’ which means it helps a child to engage himself in more prolific activities than doing any other worthless activities. USA: Wadsworth/ Cengage Learning, ISBN 978-0534519322. In response of such unanimous demand, in 2015, an amendment was brought in the Act that introduced a clause which stated that if a crime has been committed by a 16 years old juvenile and such crime is heinous in nature then he would be treated as an adult, not as a juvenile (the maximum punishment provision was also raised to seven years).[v]. Anxiety disorders such … There are sometimes personal reasons responsible for the delinquent behavior. (1959). In many families parents or elder siblings are involved in various social problems. They should not become part of any gang. or are they inciting them to commit more wrong due to a mild approach of laws towards them? This mainly happened due to the development of quality of using logic into them. psychiatry and the dilemmas of crime. As many types of research have reported that there exists a perfect proportional relation between low intelligence level and delinquency. All these three components develop in a person by the age of five years. five-factor model or personality traits, jury selection, and case outcomes in criminal and civil cases. August Aichorn said in his research that youths who have unhappy experiences with their family generally seek to engage more in the practices which give them immediate gratification without caring about the people to whom they are troubling. Juvenile delinquency can be caused by both internal and external factors. Psychological and mental concerns are also important when talking about juvenile delinquency. Some are quite sophisticated, whereas others are predicated on rather basic “instinctive” conclusions that may or may not have a basis in fact. 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